Telangana Formation Day has been observed on June 2 every year since 2014. It will fall on Wednesday in 2021. The state celebrates the occasion with ceremonial festivities in each of the state’s 33 districts. However, because of the coronavirus, the festivities will be kept low-key this year.
Telangana’s quest for independence began in the early 1950s. The Congress Working Committee (CWC) passed a resolution on July 1, 2013, recommending the creation of a new state, Telangana, that would be distinct from Andhra Pradesh. In February 2014, a bill to create Telangana was introduced in India’s Parliament. In the same month, Parliament also passed the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (APRA) 2014 bill, which established Telangana as a state with ten districts.
Telangana became an independent state on June 2, 2014. The Telangana Rashtra Samithi party won the first assembly elections in Telangana in April 2014, and Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao, also known as KCR, was elected as the state’s first chief minister.
Telangana Formation Day commemorates the Telangana Movement’s success, which resulted in the formation of a new state from Andhra Pradesh. The national flag is presented to the Chief Minister on this day, and a formal parade is held at the parade grounds.
How it started?
The seeds of the Telangana conflict were sowed in 1955 when the States Reorganisation Commission’s recommendation to keep Hyderabad as a separate state was ignored. Telangana leaders accused Andhra Pradesh residents of “colonizing the region” by stealing their jobs and land, as well as the state government for failing to invest in the region’s infrastructure.
Telangana amalgamated with the State of Andhra Pradesh, established out of the former Madras, on November 1, 1956, to establish Andhra Pradesh, a unified state for Telugu-speaking people. A violent separate Telangana’ agitation occurred in 1969, followed by a separate Andhra unrest in 1972. Social organizations, students, and government personnel were additionally the primary catalysts for the 1969 uprising.
Following the agitations, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi devised a six-point formula for “rapid development of backward regions and preferential employment treatment for local candidates.” Following it, the Telangana movement became more political. The BJP also supported the demand for Telangana State in 1997, and in the election that followed, the party promised “one vote, two states.”However, in 2001, K. Chandrasekara Rao launched the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) to resurrect the Telangana movement. Many people feel that the formation of the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand) fueled the demand for Telangana. Three years later, the TRS won five Lok Sabha seats and 26 Assembly seats in an election coalition with Congress
Report of the Sri Krishna Committee
A panel led by Justice (Retd.) B.N. Srikrishna was constituted on February 3, 2010, to “bring about a permanent solution” to the statehood demand. The panel met 30 times, traveled to 23 districts and 35 villages, and met with over 100 organizations.
Bifurcation approved by the Cabinet.
The Union Cabinet adopted a bill in December 2013 creating Telangana State with ten districts, paving the path for Andhra Pradesh’s division. Most of the proposals made by the Group of Ministers formed to look into the sensitive topics were widely endorsed by the Cabinet.
The A.P. Reorganisation Bill has been passed.
– In 2014, the A.P. Reorganisation Bill was passed, outlining the intricacies of the bifurcation procedure. The following were some of the Bill’s most notable features:
– Hyderabad is envisioned as the joint capital in the bill. The Governor of Andhra Pradesh will serve as Governor of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana’s successor states.